Runs from Cernavoda, on the Danube, to Constanta (southern arm, as main branch), and to Navodari (northern arm), on the Black Sea. It is an important part of the European canal system that links the North Sea (through the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal) to the Black Sea.
The main branch of the canal, with a length of 64.4 km (40.0 mi), which connects the Port of Cernavoda with the Port of Constanta, was built in 1976–1984, while the north branch, known as the Poarta Alba – Midia Navodari Canal, with a length of 31.2 km (19.4 mi), between Poarta Alba and Port of Midia, was built in 1983–1987.
The Canal was notorious as the site of labor camps in 1950s Communist Romania, when, at any given time, several tens of thousands political prisoners worked on its excavation. The total number of people used as a workforce for the entire period is unknown, as is the number of people who died in the construction.
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