Constantin Brâncuși (February 19, 1876 – March 16, 1957) was a Romanian-born sculptor who made his career in France.
Brâncuși grew up in the village of Hobiţa, Gorj, near Târgu Jiu, close to Romania’s Carpathian Mountains, an area known for its rich tradition of folk crafts, particularly woodcarving. Geometric patterns of the region are seen in his later works.
Considered the pioneer of modernism, Brâncuși is called the patriarch of modern.
In 2002, a sculpture by Brâncuși named “Danaide” was sold for $18.1 million, the highest that a sculpture piece had ever sold for at auction.
In May 2005, a piece from the “Bird in Space” series broke that record, selling for $27.5 million in a Christie’s auction. In the Yves Saint Laurent/Pierre Bergé sale on February 23, 2009, another sculpture of Brâncuși, “Madame L.R.”, was sold for €29.185 million ($37.2 million), setting a new historical record.
In 2011, Google commemorated his 135th birthday with a tribute on their main page.